The history of Sri Lanka stretches back over 2500 years, its very beginnings are lost in myth and legend, and the arrival of Prince Vijaya an exile from North India with his entourage of seven hundred followers. However, the earliest recorded civilization dates back to 380 BC, when Anuradhapura (206km from Colombo) was established as the first capital city. Following the advent of Buddhism in the 3rd Century BC, a civilization rich in Indo-Aryan culture took root. It produced the great cities with their dagobas which compare, and even exceed in size, the pyramids of Egypt, palaces and pleasure gardens, rich art and architecture and the gigantic irrigation works, many of which are still in use today.
It carries an ancient Guard Stone also known as the “Muragala” picture with a brief description. The guard stone has been closely related to the Sri Lankan culture. Fine and soft are the major characteristics of it. It is like a prince standing under a cobra (Nāga) with seven hoods. He carries Punkalasa (a symbol of prosperity) from one hand and bouquet of flowers on another hand.